Enrollment into the program.

# Specialized Seminar on Theoretical Physics

Prof. Dr. Rok Žitko, Mikhail Feigelman, Prof. Dr. Borut Paul Kerševan, Assist. Prof. Dr. Matej Kanduč, Prof. Dr. Primož Ziherl

Topics of A. Gomboc: compact astrophysical objects, astrophysics of cosmic rays, neutrinos and gravitational waves; fundamentals of astrobiology.

Topics of S. Prelovšek Komelj in J. Fesel Kamenik: Non-perturbative methods and their application to physics of elementary particles: quantum field theory on the lattice, integral equations in quantum field theory: Bethe-Salpeter and Dyson-Schwinger equations, general principles in the scattering theory. Particle physics in the early universe: time evolution and physical processes in the early Universe, baryogenesis, dark matter, primordial nucleosynthesis.

Topics of A. Ramšak in T. Rejec: new physics in solid state on nano scale: conductance in quantum dots, quantum wires and two dimensional electronic structures. Coulomb blockade, single electron transistor, Aharonov-Bohm effect, quantum Hall effect, Kondo effect. Quantum entanglement. Examples of the realisation of quantum bits. Fundamental theorems about quantum bits: no-cloning, qubit destilation, error correction, quantum teleportation.

Topics of R. Podgornik, M. Ravnik and P. Ziherl: van der Waals interactions: pairwise summation of molecular forces; Hamaker constant; Lifshitz theory; retardation; Pitaevskii ansatz; planar, cylindrical and spherical geometry; solvent effects; dispersion spectra.

Surface phenomena: surface tension and thermodynamics of interfaces; flat and curved interfaces; wetting; nucleation.

Membranes and vesicles: differential geometry of membranes; bilayer-couple, spontaneous-curvature, and area-difference-elasticity theories of vesicle shapes; membrane fluctuations.

Topics of R. Jeraj: Advanced modeling methods of biological and medical systems; modeling of tumor growth and development; brain modeling; modeling of therapeutic interventions; therapy optimization; treatment response modeling

M. van Putten, A. Levinson, Relativistic Astrophysics of the Transient Universe, Cambridge University Press), 2012.

P. Meszaros, The High-Energy Universe, (Cambridge University Press), 2010.

I. Gilmour, M.A. Sephton, An Introduction to Astrobiology (Cambridge University Press), 2004.

C. Itzykson and J.-B. Zuber: Quantum Field Theory, McGraw Hill, 1980.

C. Gattringer and C.B. Lang, Quantum Chromodynamics on the Lattice, Springer, 2010.

J.R. Taylor: Scattering Theory, J. Wiley & Sons, 2000.

E. W. Kolb and M. S. Turner, The Early Universe, Westview Press, 1990.

S. Weinberg, Cosmology, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Yuli V. Nazarov and Yaroslav M. Blanter, Quantum Transport: Introduction to Nanoscience, Cambridge University Press (2009).

Thomas Heinzel, Mesoscopic Electronics in Solid State Nanostructures, Wiley-VCH (2010).

V. A. Parsegian, van der Waals Forces (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).

M. Bordag, G. L. Klimchitskaya, U. Mohideen in V. M. Mostepanenko, Advances in the Casimir Effect (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2009).

M. Kleman in O. Lavrentovich, Soft Matter - An Introduction (Springer, Berlin, 2003).

J. N. Israelachvili, Intermolecular and Surface Forces (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 2011).

V. Cristini and J. Lowengrub, 2010, Multiscale Modeling of Cancer: An Integrated Experimental and Mathematical Modeling Approach, Cambridge University Press, ISBN: 978-0521884426.

Presentation of and acquaintance with recent research activities and open problems in various fields of theoretical physics.

Knowledge and understanding:

Student acquires an overview of open scientific questions in various fields of physics and understanding of theoretical and experimental methods to solve those.

Application:

Obtained knowledge can be applied in doctoral thesis scientific research.

Reflection:

Usage of acquired knowledge to interconnection of related problems and scientific methods not directly involved in the field of doctoral thesis.

Transferable skills:

Deepened knowledge of contemporary scientific state-of-the-art in various fields enables interconnection of theoretical and experimental methods.

Lectures, consultations.

Active attendance at lectures and in discussions

Discussion

passed / not passed (according to the Statute of UL)

[1] A. Šiber in P. Ziherl, Many-body contact repulsion of deformable disks, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 214301 (2013).

[2] T. Dotera, T. Oshiro in P. Ziherl, Mosaic two-lengthscale quasicrystals, Nature 506, 208 (2014).

[3] L. Athanasopoulou in P. Ziherl, Phase diagram of elastic spheres, Soft Matter 13, 1463 (2017).

[4] B. Kavčič, A. Sakashita, H. Noguchi in P. Ziherl, Limiting shapes of confined lipid vesicles, Soft Matter 15, 602 (2019).

[5] J. Rozman, M. Krajnc in P. Ziherl, Collective cell mechanics of epithelial shells with organoid-like morphologies, Nat. Commun. 11, 3805 (2020).