Topics in physics

2022/2023
Programme:
Practical Mathematics
Year:
3 year
Semester:
first or second
Kind:
optional
ECTS:
5
Language:
slovenian
Hours per week – 1. or 2. semester:
Lectures
2
Seminar
2
Tutorial
0
Lab
0
Content (Syllabus outline)

Liquid crystals:
description of liquid crystals, thermodinamics of liquid cristals, applications.
Selected topics in quantum mechanics:Schrödinger equation, tunnel effect, hydrogen atom, multi-electron atoms, radiative transitions.
Lasers: stimulated emission, properties of laser light, types of lasers, applications.
Crystals:periodic potential in one dimension, implications for the electronic structure, conductors, isolators and semiconductors.
Semiconductors:pure and doped semiconductors, p-n junction, semiconductor devices, applications.
Selected topics in nuclear physics:composition of atomic nuclei and their properties, liquid and shell models, radioactive decays, nuclear reactions, fission and fusion, applications.
Selected topics in particle physics:standard model of fundamental particles and interactions, detectors and experiments in particle physics.
Selected topics in meteorology:phenomena and their explanations, basic meteorological models, history, climate changes (greenhouse effect) and possible consequences.
Selected topics in geophysics:shape of the Earth, geological composition, earthquakes.
Selected topics in astronomy:
Solar system, physical processes in stars, chemical composition of planets and stars, galaxies and missing mass.
Selected topis in cosmology:
Big Bang, adiabatic cooling and microwave background, density of the Universe.

Readings

I. Kuščer, A. Moljk, T. Kranjc, J. Peternelj, M. Rosina, J. Strnad: Fizika za srednje šole – 3. del, DZS, Ljubljana, 2002.
J. Strnad, Fizika – 3.del, DMFA založništvo, Ljubljana, 1982.
J. Strnad, Fizika – 4.del, DMFA založništvo, Ljubljana, 1982.
I. Kuščer. S. Žumer, Toplota, DMFA založništvo, Ljubljana, 1987.

Objectives and competences

students become aware about common physical principles, underlying various phenomena in the world that surrounds us. Advances in technologies are often based on the same principles.

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
understanding of natural phenomena at all levels – from fundamental particles and their interactions , up to formation of galaxies and evolution of the Universe.
Application:
understanding of physic principles is crucial for development of technologies that in many ways determine the way we live (semiconductor electronics, lasers, nuclear technology, ...).
Reflection:
becoming aware of basic physicsal principles of our world.
Transferable skills:
Ability to recognize unifying principles behind different phenomena in nature.

Assessment

Project and its presentation
Oral exam

grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

Lecturer's references

PODOBNIK, Tomaž, ŽIVKO, Tomi. On probabilistic parametric inference. Journal of statistical planning and inference, ISSN 0378-3758, 2014, vol. 142, no. 12, str. 3152-3166. [COBISS-SI-ID 27449383]
DELPHI Collaboration, ABREU, P., ERŽEN, Borut, GOLOB, Boštjan, KRIŽNIČ, Ervin, PODOBNIK, Tomaž, STANIČ, Samo, ZAVRTANIK, Danilo, et al. Measurement of [vertical]V[sub]cs[vertical] using W decays at LEP2. Physics letters. Section B, ISSN 0370-2693. [Print ed.], 1998, vol. 439, str. 209-224. [COBISS-SI-ID 35835]
ARGUS Collaboration, ALBRECHT, H., BRAČKO, Marko, KERNEL, Gabrijel, KRIŽAN, Peter, KRIŽNIČ, Ervin, MEDIN, Gordana, PODOBNIK, Tomaž, ŽIVKO, Tomi, et al. A partial wave analysis of the reaction [gamma][gamma] [to] [pi][sup]+[pi][sup]-[pi][sup]0. Zeitschrift für Physic C. Particles and fields, ISSN 0170-9739, 1997, vol. 74, str. 469-477. [COBISS-SI-ID 12892711]