Electronics II

Physics, First Cycle
Educational Physics
2 year
slovenian, english
Hours per week – 2. semester:

Class enrollment.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Digital electronics:
logic gates, logic functions, simplification,
propagation of signals in logic circuit, timing diagrams,
memory cells and their use,
control and execution part of a digital circuit, the generation of control signals,
synchronous state machines,
the model of a central processing unit,
between the analog and digital: AD and DA conversion.

Linear electronics:
fundamentals of electronic regulation, feedback, proportional, differential and integral regulation,
noise, description and evaluation, the analysis of noise in electronic circuits, optimization of noise.


D. Ponikvar, Digitalna elektronika za fizike. V pripravi.
J. Pahor, Elektronika za fizike. DMFA - založništvo.
P. Horrowitz, W. Hill, The art of electronics. Cambridge University Press.

Objectives and competences

familiarization with building blocks of digital electronics, digital electronic circuits and analysis, AD and DA converters,
familiarization with basics of regulation,
familiarization with noise in electronics.
the use and analysis of digital electronic circuits,
an overview of regulation principles,
the understanding of problems connected with noise,
the design of digital electronic circuits.

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Familiarity with building blocks of digital electronics and their analysis, basics of regulation techniques, familiarity with basic properties of noise in electronics. The understanding of operation of digital electronic circuits and systems, the understanding of properties of a regulation system, the understanding of influences of noise in electronic circuits and optimization.

The knowledge gained allows an understanding of operation for digital electronic circuits and poses an essential step towards the understanding of operations in microprocessor and computer. The chapters on regulation and noise allow a rational selection of electronic components and circuits in view of the overall system quality.

Since most of the contemporary signal processing is digital an understanding of basic building blocks which constitute, among others, computers, is essential. The knowledge on basics of regulation techniques allows the control of bigger systems.

Transferable skills:
The knowledge gained allows for understanding of operations in computer, digital signal processing, and computer interfaces in other courses.

Learning and teaching methods

Lecturing, tutorials, consultations.


Written exam
Oral examination
grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

Lecturer's references
  • PONIKVAR, Dušan. A simple subnanosecond light pulser. IEEE trans. nucl. sci., 2012, vol. 59, no. 6,
    str. 3218-3220. [COBISS-SI-ID 2552420],

  • ZAMPIERI, L., ČADEŽ, Andrej, PONIKVAR, Dušan. The Crab pulsar seen with AquEYE at
    Asiago Cima Ekar observatory. Advances in Space Research. [Online ed.], 2011, let. 47, št. 2,
    str. 365-369. [COBISS-SI-ID 362881],

  • PONIKVAR, Dušan. Tools and setups for experiments with AC and rotating magnetic fields.
    Eur. j. phys., 2010, vol. 31, no. 5, str. 1255-1266, doi: 10.1088/0143-0807/31/5/025.
    [COBISS-SI-ID 2271076],

  • PONIKVAR, Dušan, PLANINŠIČ, Gorazd. Conservation of mechanical and electric energy :
    simple experimental verification. Eur. j. phys., 2009, vol. 30, no. 1, str. 47-56, doi:
    10.1088/1043-0807/30/1/005. [COBISS-SI-ID 2153316],

  • PONIKVAR, Dušan. Teaching and field work for IAEA : nuclear electronics and
    instrumentation 1989-2007. V: IAEA Meeting on the Role and Utilization of the Regional
    Resource Centres : 2nd-6th of June 2008, Vienna, Austria. Vienna: IAEA, 2008, 14 str.
    [COBISS-SI-ID 2128740],