# Clasicall Physics

2022/2023
Programme:
Physics, First Cycle
Orientation:
Educational Physics
Year:
1 year
Semester:
first and second
Kind:
mandatory
ECTS:
20
Language:
slovenian
Lecturers:
Hours per week – 1. semester:
Lectures
3
Seminar
1
Tutorial
3
Lab
0
Hours per week – 2. semester:
Lectures
5
Seminar
1
Tutorial
5
Lab
0
Prerequisites

Enrollment into the program.
Positive result from quoloqia (or written exam) is necessary to enter the oral exam.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Mechanics: Kinematics and dynamics of point-like objects, force, mass, Newton's laws, examples from statics and dynamics, work, power, energy, momentum. Inertial and non-inertial systems, Galileo transformation, system forces. Torque, motion and equilibrium of solid bodies. Rotational motion, angular momentum. Deformations, elasticity. Oscillations, pendulum, damped and forced oscillations. Gravitation. Static fluids, flow of non-viscous and viscous fluids, Bernoulli's equation, motion in fluids.

Mechanical waves: propagation of disturbance in elastic media, wave equation. Waves in one and more dimensions, reflection, refraction, diffraction, interference of waves. Superposition of waves, standing waves. Energy in wave motion. Doppler effect. Wave dispersion.

Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems and variables, equilibrium. Temperature, heat, specific and latent heat, heat transfer. Equation of state, phase transitions, phase diagrams. Internal energy, enthalpy, 1st and 2nd law of thermodynamics, entropy. Reversible and irreversible processes, cycles. Heat engine, refrigerator. Ideal gas. Kinetic theory of gases. Statistical description. Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution.

Electricity: Electric charge. Electric field, field strength and potential. Gauss’ law. Conductors and dielectrics in electric field. Field density. Capacitor. Electric energy. Electric current, current in metals, Ohm’s law, Kirchoff’s laws, electric power. Alternating current. Electric measurements. Magnetic field: permanent magnets and electric current. Magnetic field density. Magnetic force and torque. Magnetic flux. Ampere and Biot-Savart law. Induction, self-induction, inductor. Impedance, electric oscillator. Magnetic energy.
Magnetism of matter, ferromagnetism. Maxwell’s equations.
Electromagnetic waves: Coaxial cable, EM waves. Dipole antenna. Visible light. Reflection and refraction, index of refraction, dispersion. Spectra, energy flow, radiation. Interference and diffraction. Diffraction grating. Polarization, optically anisotropic matter. Geometrical optics, mirrors, lenses, eye, optical instruments.

D. Halliday, R. Resnick and J. Walker, Fundamentals of Physics. John Wiley & Sons.
H.D. Young, R.A. Freedman, Sears and Zemansky's University Physics. Addison-Wesley.
J. Seliger, Zapiski predavanj iz Fizike I: Mehanika, Valovanje.  Dosegljivo na spletnem naslovu: http://www.fmf.uni-lj.si/~seliger.

Objectives and competences

Objectives: Comprehensive discussion of the fundamentals of clasical physics illustrated by demonstrations. Presentation of physical observables measurements. Getting acquinted with the basic methods of calculus, estimation and modelling in physics.

Competences:
Ability of modelling and solving problems in physics;
Knowledge of fundamental areas of physics;
Capability of searching for appropriate literature;
Awarness of ethical principles in physics

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Knowledge of fundamental laws of classical physics. Understanding relations among fundamental physics quantities (derivation of equations from fundamental laws). Conceptual understanding of results of demonstrational experiments.

Application:
Usage of physics principles and laws, calculus methods, estimates and modelling on specific examples. Application of simplified models and arguments for simplifications.

Reflection:
Comprehension of Nature and technology processes.

Transferable skills:
Capability of domestic and foreign literature and internet exploatation. Recognition of problems, estimation of the simplifications used, solving the problems posed.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures, exercises, seminars, homework, consultations

Assessment

4 midterm exams or final written exam
Oral exam
grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

Lecturer's references

ATLAS Collaboration, AAD, G., ... MIKUŽ, Marko et al.: Observation of a new
particle in the search for the Standard Model Higgs boson with the ATLAS
detector at the LHC. Phys. lett., Sect. B. [Print ed.], 2012, vol. 716, no. 1, str. 1-
29.
The ATLAS Collaboration, AAD, G.,... MIKUŽ, Marko et al.: The ATLAS
experiment at the CERN large hadron collider. Journal of instrumentation, 2008,
vol. 3, str. S08003-1-S08003-406.
ROSE Collaboration, LINDSTRÖM, G,... MIKUŽ, Marko et al.: Radiation hard
silicon detectors - developmentns by the RD 48. Nucl. instrum, methods phys
res., Sect. A, Accel.. [Print ed.], 2001, vol. 466, str. 308-326.
CPLEAR Collaboration, ANGELOPOULOS, A.,... MIKUŽ, Marko et al.: First direct
observation of time-reversal non-invariance in the neutral-kaon system. Phys.
lett., Sect. B. [Print ed.], 1998, vol. 444, str. 43-51.
MAJARON, Boris, MIKUŽ, Marko, RAMŠAK, Anton. Kolokvijske naloge iz fizike I,
(Zbirka izbranih poglavij iz fizike, 32). 4. popravljena izd. Ljubljana: DMFA -
založništvo, 2010. 74 str., ilustr. ISBN 978-961-212-226-3.