Physics, First Cycle
Educational Physics
3 year
Hours per week – 1. semester:

Enrollment in the third study year.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Climate system (CS) components, interactions, positive and negative feedbacks. Concepts of energy and mass balances in CS.

Radiative transfer and climate. Global energy balance. Latitudinal heat transport. The surface energy budget. Carbon Cycle of the Atmosphere, Ocean and Biosphere.

The hydrologic cycle. The role of clouds in climate. Observed mean state of the ocean : temperature, salinity, density and currents. The Oceanic Circulation and Climate. The Atmospheric General Circulation and patterns of climate.

Synoptic climatology and climate cycles: El Nino, North Atlantic Oscillation, SOI, ENSO.

Paleoclimatology. Evolution of Earth s climate. Natural causes of climate change. The Human Role in Earth System Processes.

Climate models. Global Climate models, regional Climate models and their evaluation. Simple models of the greenhouse effect. Climate Sensitivity analyses.

Climatography. Climate observations and records. Climate types, classification. Climate of Europe and Slovenia.

Applied climatology. Bioclimatology. Urban climatology.


Dennis L. Hartmann: Global Physical Climatology. Academic Press, 1994, 411 pp., ISBN 0-12- 328530-5.
William F. Ruddiman: Earth's Climate: Past and Future. W.H. Freeman Company. 2008, 388 s. ISBN- 10:0-7167-8490-4
Rakovec in T. Vrhovec: Osnove meteorologije za naravoslovce in tehnike, DMFA

Objectives and competences

Understanding of Earth climate system and physical factors that influence global and regional climate.
Knowledge of approaches to model processes that influence the planetary climate, including processes in atmosphere, cryosphere, oceans, land, biosphere and interactions among them

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding: deeper understanding of physical factors that influence the planetary and regional climate, and their descriptions in the models.

Applicability: The use of basic physical laws and simple climate models to understand climate processes.

Reflection: Interactions between atmosphere, oceans, land, cryosphere and biosphere and their description by physical laws.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures, tutorials, seminars using information on state of the climate from different sources


Problem-solving exam
seminar presentation, theoretical examination.
Grades: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (in agreement with the Statutes of the University of Ljubljana)

Lecturer's references

DOHERTY, S. J., KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ, Lučka, et. al.. 2009. Leassons learned from IPCC AR4 : scientific developments needed to understand, predict, and respond to climate change. Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc., 2009, vol. 90, no. 4: 497-513.
DE LUIS, M., ČUFAR, K., SAZ, M. A., LONGARES, L. A., CEGLAR, A., KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ, Lučka. 2012. Trends in seasonal precipitation and temperature in Slovenia during 1951-2007. Reg. environ. change , doi: 10.1007/s10113-012-0365-7. 3.
TAJNIK, T., KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ, Lučka, JURAČ, E., RIBARIČ-LASNIK, C., LIKAR, J., DEBELAK, B. Investigation of adsorption properties of geological materials for CO2 storage. Int. j. energy res., 2013, vol. 37, issue 8, str. 952-958., doi: 10.1002/er.2901 [COBISS-SI-ID 7007097],
KURNIK, Blaž, KAJFEŽ-BOGATAJ, Lučka, CEGLAR, Andrej. Correcting mean and extremes in monthly precipitation from 8 regional climate models over Europe. Clim. past (Print), 2012, vol. 8, no. 2, str. 953-986., doi: 10.5194/cpd-8-953-2012 [COBISS-SI-ID 7109241],
KURNIK B., Louwagie, G., Erhard, M., Ceglar. A. Bogataj Kajfež, Lučka, 2013 Analysing Seasonal Differences between a Soil Water Balance Model and in Situ Soil Moisture Measurements at Nine Locations Across Europe. Environmental Modeling & Assessment, 2013, DOI 10.1007/s10666-013- 9377-z