# Electronics in Physics

2022/2023
Programme:
Applied Physics, First Cycle
Year:
2 year
Semester:
second
Kind:
mandatory
ECTS:
7
Language:
slovenian
Course director:

Marko Starič

Hours per week – 2. semester:
Lectures
3
Seminar
0
Tutorial
5
Lab
0
Prerequisites

(a) knowledge of mathematics obtained in the course Mathematics I
(b) knowledge of physics (electricity and magnetism) obtained in the course Physics II

Content (Syllabus outline)

Analog Electronics: Foundations, passive circuits (RC circuits), frequency analysis, filters, diodes and diode circuits. Bipolar transistors, Ebers-Moll model, basic transistor circuits, differential amplifiers, high-frequency model. Operational amplifiers and feedback, the golden rules, linear, exponential and logarithmic amplifiers, integrators, differenciators, active peak detector; feedback at low gains, stability. Comparators. Field-effect transistors, basic circuits, variable resistors, linear and logic switches, CMOS inverter.
Digital Electronics: Foundations, number codes. Gates and truth tables, Bool rules, minimization and Karnaugh maps, binary adders, multiplexers, decoders. Flip-flops, examles of use, binary counters, shift registers.
A/D and D/A conversion: D/A converters (scaled resistors, R-2R ladder), A/D converters (parallel encoder, feedback and dual slope converters). Time conversion. Consequences of A/D conversion.
Noise: Origins and kinds of noise (Johnson noise, shot noise, 1/f noise), noise sources in transistors, amplifier noise, description with equivalent noise sources, signal-to-noise ratio, noise figure.

P. Horowitz and W. Hill, The art of electronics. Cambridge University Press

Objectives and competences

Objectives: To master the foundations of analog and digital electronics. Learn basic methods of modeling and design of electronic circuits.

Competences:

• Ability to design simple electronic circuits
• Understanding of electronic schemes
• Ability to search the literature
Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Knowledge of the basic building blocks of electronic circuits (in the sense of an emitter follower, integrator, flip-flop) and their operation and integration. Understanding the causes of limitations (frequency range, nonlinearity, instability, noise). Ability to design and to optimize simple electronic circuits. Understanding the electronic schemes.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures and exercises

Assessment

2 tests or written exam
Oral exam
grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

Lecturer's references

[1] Belle Collaboration, STARIČ, Marko, BRAČKO, Marko, GOLOB, Boštjan, KORPAR, Samo, KRIŽAN, Peter, PESTOTNIK, Rok, PETRIČ, Marko, SMERKOL, Peter, STANIČ, Samo, ZUPANC, Anže, et al. Search for CP violation in D[sup][pm] meson decays to [phi] [pi][sup][pm]. Physical review letters, ISSN 0031-9007. [Print ed.], 2012, vol. 108, no. 7, str. 071801-1-071801-6, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.071801. [COBISS-SI-ID 25645607]
[2] PETRIČ, Marko, BRAČKO, Marko, GOLOB, Boštjan, KORPAR, Samo, KRIŽAN, Peter (pisar), PESTOTNIK, Rok, SMERKOL, Peter, STARIČ, Marko, ŽIVKO, Tomi, ZUPANC, Anže, et al. Search for leptonic decays of D[sup]0 mesons. Physical review. D, Particles, fields, gravitation, and cosmology, ISSN 1550-7998, 2010, vol. 81, no. 9, str. 091102-1-091102-6. [COBISS-SI-ID 23679015]
[3] Belle Collaboration, STARIČ, Marko, BITENC, Urban, BRAČKO, Marko, FRATINA, Saša, GOLOB, Boštjan, KORPAR, Samo, KRIŽAN, Peter, PESTOTNIK, Rok, STANIČ, Samo, ŽIVKO, Tomi, ZUPANC, Anže, et al. Search for a CP asymmetry in Cabibbo-suppressed D[sup]0 decays. Physics letters. Section B, ISSN 0370-2693. [Print ed.], 2008, vol. 670, no. 3, str. 190-195. [COBISS-SI-ID 22312999]
[3] Belle Collaboration, STARIČ, Marko, GOLOB, Boštjan, BITENC, Urban, BRAČKO, Marko, FRATINA, Saša, GORIŠEK, Andrej, KORPAR, Samo, KRIŽAN, Peter, PESTOTNIK, Rok, STANIČ, Samo, ZUPANC, Anže, et al. Evidence for D[sup]0 -(D[bar])[sup]0 mixing. Physical review letters, ISSN 0031-9007. [Print ed.], 2007, vol. 98, no. 21, str. 211803-1-211803-6, doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.211803. [COBISS-SI-ID 20795943]
[4] STARIČ, Marko, INAMI, K., KRIŽAN, Peter, IIJIMA, Toru. Likelihood analysis of patterns in a time-of-propagation (TOP) counter. V: BRESSAN, A. (ur.). RICH 2007, Proceedings of the Sixth International Workshop on Ring Imaging Cherenkov Detectors, 15-20 October 2007, Trieste, Italy, (Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research, ISSN 0168-9002, section A, vol. 595, no. 1, 2008). Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2008, vol. 595, no. 1, str. 252-255. [COBISS-SI-ID 23311143]
[5] HERA Collaboration, ABT, Iris, GORIŠEK, Andrej, KORPAR, Samo, KRIŽAN, Peter, PESTOTNIK, Rok, STANOVNIK, Aleš, STARIČ, Marko, ŠKRK, Damijan, ŽIVKO, Tomi, et al. Measurement of D[sup]0, D[sup]+, (D[sub]8)[sup]+ and Dsup production in fixed target 920 GeV proton-nucleus collisions. The European physical journal. C, ISSN 1434-6044, 2007, vol. 52, iss. 3, str. 531-542, doi: 10.1140/epjc/s10052-007-0427-z. [COBISS-SI-ID 21239591]
[6] STARIČ, Marko. HERA-B RICH : performance and physics impact. V: ENGELFRIED, Jürgen (ur.). Proceedings of the fifth International Workshop on Ring Imaging Detectors = Playa de Carmen, Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico, 30 November-05 December 2004, (Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research, ISSN 0168-9002, Vol. 553, Issues 1-2, 2005). Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2005, vol. 553, str. 210-214. [COBISS-SI-ID 19752743]
[7] STARIČ, Marko, KORPAR, Samo, MARGAN, Erik, ŠIFRAR, Marko, STANOVNIK, Aleš, BUDIHNA, Nataša, MILČINSKI, Metka, ŠKET, Boris. Apparatus for positron emission tomography. Radiology and oncology, ISSN 1318-2099, 1998, vol. 32, str. 289-296. [COBISS-SI-ID 13535527]
[8] STARIČ, Marko, KORBAR, Darko, STANOVNIK, Aleš. Tests of a mini positron emission tomograph based on multiwire proportional chambers. Physica medica, ISSN 1120-1797, 1993, vol. 9, str. 219-223. [COBISS-SI-ID 5853991]
[9] STARIČ, Marko, KORPAR, Samo, KORBAR, Darko, STANOVNIK, Aleš. A thin multiwire proportional chamber for imaging with UV light, X-rays and gamma rays. Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research. Section A, Accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment, ISSN 0168-9002. [Print ed.], 1992, 323, str. 91-96. [COBISS-SI-ID 5655812]
[10] STARIČ, Marko. Analytical approach to the development of charge signals in multiwire proportional chambers. Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research. Section A, Accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment, ISSN 0168-9002. [Print ed.], 1989, vol. 283, str. 744-751. [COBISS-SI-ID 14491175]