Air pollution

Physics, Second Cycle
1 year
Hours per week – 2. semester:

Enrolment into the Meteorology subprogram.

Prerequisites are: completed course »Introduction to physics of the atmosphere« which is part of the first cycle academic study program Physics or a similar course.

A successfully completed written report is a precondition for the exam.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Meteorological part

Advection-diffusion equation, plume rise, windspeed changes with elevation, the influence of static stability on pollution dispersion, Gauss, Euler and Lagrange models of pollution dispersion, coupled and non-coupled models.

Chemical part

Natural and anthropogenic sources of air pollution. Methods of qualitative and of quantitative evaluation of pollutants concentrations and their characterizations. Methods and technologies of exhaust gasses control. Impacts of polluted air on health of people, animals and vegetation, and damages on material goods. Special properties of nano-particles in the air and in contemporary technologies, and their health impact. Impact of traffic on air quality. Odours and their determination, sanitation of various sources. Linkage of air pollution (its. chemical and physical properties) and climate change.


RAKOVEC, Jože, VRHOVEC, Tomaž. Osnove meteorologije za naravoslovce in tehnike, (Matematika - fizika, 39). 3. izd. Ljubljana: DMFA - založništvo, 2017. 313 str., ilustr. ISBN 978-961-212-111-2.
BIZJAK, Mirko, SEVŠEK, France (urednik). Kemijski vidiki onesnaženosti ozračja. Ljubljana: Zdravstvena fakulteta, 2009. 104 str., ilustr. ISBN 978-961-6808-08-8.
Stanley E. Manahan, Fundamentals of Environmental Chemistry, 3.izdaja, Taylor and Francis Group, LLC, 2008, str. 417-653.
M. Z. Jacobsen, Atmospheric Pollution, Cambridge University Press, 2002, 399 str.
P. Zannetti, Air Pollution Modeling: Theories, Computational Methods and Available Software, 1990.

Objectives and competences

Understanding of basic weather, physical and chemical processes, that influence air pollution. Capability of estimation of harmful effects of air pollution on elements of live and nature. Knowledge on basic technologies for improving air quality at sources and at the receptors, thus improving quality of the life.

Intended learning outcomes

Understanding health, ecologic and economic aspect of air quality. Capability of evaluation of weather impacts on pollution dispersion in the air. Capability of choosing the proper methods and means for determination of main pollutants in the air (gasses, particles). Capability of planning and performing of comprehensive evaluation of air quality. Application of basic principles of meteorology, climatology and chemistry of the environment to actual events of air quality in inside and outside air. Awareness of impacts of anthropogenic impacts on the environment.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures, written report.


Written exam
Oral exam
Grades: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (in agreement with the Statutes of the University of Ljubljana)

Lecturer's references

ŽABKAR, Rahela, HONZAK, Luka, SKOK, Gregor, FORKEL, R., RAKOVEC, Jože, CEGLAR, Andrej, ŽAGAR, Nedjeljka. Evaluation of the high resolution WRF-Chem (v3.4.1) air quality forecast and its comparison with statistical ozone predictions. Geoscientific model development, ISSN 1991-959X, 2015, vol. 8, no. 7, str. 2119-2137,

SKOK, Gregor, HLADNIK, Veronika. Verification of gridded wind forecasts in complex alpine terrain: a new wind verification methodology based on the neighborhood approach. Monthly weather review, ISSN 0027-0644, 2018, vol. 146, no. 1, str. 63-75.

SKOK, Gregor, ROBERTS, Nigel. Estimating the displacement in precipitation forecasts using the Fractions Skill Score. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, ISSN 0035-9009, 2018, vol. 144, iss. 711, str. 414-425

STRŽINAR, Gregor, SKOK, Gregor. Comparison and optimization of radar-based hail detection algorithms in Slovenia. Atmospheric research, ISSN 0169-8095. [Print ed.], 2018, vol. 203, str. 275-285,

SKOK, Gregor, BACMEISTER, Julio T., TRIBBIA, Joe. Analysis of tropical cyclone precipitation using an object-based algorithm. Journal of climate, ISSN 0894-8755, 2013, vol. 26, iss. 8, str. 2563-2579.

SKOK, Gregor, TRIBBIA, Joe, RAKOVEC, Jože, BROWN, Barbara. Object-based analysis of satellite-derived precipitation systems over the low-and midlatitude Pacific Ocean. Monthly weather review, ISSN 0027-0644, 2009, vol. 137, str. 3196-3218