Physics and technology of fusion reactors

2021/2022
Programme:
Nuclear Engineering, Second Cycle
Year:
1. in 2. year
Semester:
second
Kind:
optional
ECTS:
6
Language:
slovenian
Lecturers:

Prof. Ddr. Tomaž Gyergyek

Hours per week – 2. semester:
Lectures
2
Seminar
0
Tutorial
2
Lab
0
Prerequisites

Enrollment into the program.
Positive result from qoloqia (or written exam) is necessary to enter the oral exam.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Fusion and energy worldwide
Fusion reactions
Fusion power production
Energy equillibrium inside fusion reactor
Fusion reactor design basis
Magnetic confinement fusion
Fusion plasma definition
Charged particle motion in plasma
Kinetic and fluid description of plasma
Two-fluid plasma model
MHD equillibrium
Transport issues
Plasma heating and current drive
Fusion R&D future

Readings

J. Friedberg, Plasma Physics and Fusion Energy, Cambridge University Press 2007, Cambridge, UK.
Izbrana poglavja/selected topics:
J. Wesson, Tokamaks, 3.ed, Oxford Science Publ. 2004, Oxford, UK.
A.A. Harms in dr., Principles of fusion energy, World Scientific 2000, Singapore.

Objectives and competences

Objectives: Gaining basic theoretical and practical knowledge of processes in a fusion reactor.

Competences: Knowledge of fundamental areas of fusion physics and understanding of the challenges in the fusion reactor development.

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Understanding of the physical processes inside the fusion reactor, ability to use physical models andanalytical methods for determination and evaluation of key parameters of nuclear fusion reactor (energy ratio, triple product) using acquired knowledge on physics models and analytical methods; Understanding alternative reactor concepts ( stellarator, inertial confinment, fusion-fission reactor).

Application:
Acquired knowledge should help the the student in following of nuclear fusion development and better integration in possible scientific work related to energy production based on nuclear fusion.

Reflection:
Understanding of energy needs worldwide, acknowledging the position of nuclear fusion in sustainable energy sources.

Transferable skills:
Comprehensive knowledge in electromagnetic interactions between charged particles, charged particle motion in electric and magnetic field, radiofrequency waves, reactor technology (materials, neutron-matter interaction, heat removal), solving transport and wave equations.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures, exercises, homework, consultations, laboratory work on magnetized plasma device at JSI.

Assessment

2 midterm exams instead or final written exam
Oral exam
grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

Lecturer's references
  1. GRUENWALD, Johannes, TSKHAKAYA, David, KOVAČIČ, Jernej, ČERČEK, Milan, GYERGYEK, Tomaž, IONITA, Codrina, SCHRITTWIESER, Roman. Comparison of measured and simulated electron energy distribution functions in low-pressure helium plasmas. Plasma sources sci. technol., 2013 vol. 22, str. 015023 (7 strani)
  2. GYERGYEK, Tomaž, KOVAČIČ, Jernej. Saturation of a floating potential of an electron emitting electrode with increased electron emission : a one-dimensional kinetic model and particle-in-cell simulation. Phys. plasmas, 2012, vol. 19, str. 013506 (16 strani)
  3. GYERGYEK, Tomaž, KOVAČIČ, Jernej, ČERČEK, Milan. Potential formation in front of an electron emitting electrode immersed in a plasma that contains a monoenergetic electron beam. Phys. plasmas, 2010, vol. 17, no. 8, str. 083504 (16 strani)