Nuclear installations, control and instrumentation

2021/2022
Programme:
Nuclear Engineering, Second Cycle
Year:
1. in 2. year
Semester:
first
Kind:
optional
ECTS:
6
Language:
slovenian
Hours per week – 1. semester:
Lectures
2
Seminar
0
Tutorial
2
Lab
0
Prerequisites

Enrolment into the program.
Positive result from written exam is necessary to enter the oral exam.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Objectives and functions of nuclear installations and systems. Safety and protection systems.
Emergency core cooling system. Residual heat removal system. Auxiliary feed-water system. Diesel generator system. Containment spray system.
Basic information about control systems. Linear control theory. Transfer functions. Proportional control, first order control, second order control, integral control, differential control. Basics of a theory of linear control. Control devices: structure and functionality. Instrumentation equipment, instrumentation channels. Nuclear power plant control. Instrumentation and control of nuclear reactor. Control systems in nuclear power plant, structure, signals, relays. Examples of safety principles in control and instrumentation: redundancy, independence, diversity.
Use of computers in control room. Safety related software. Simulators: concepts, designs, application. Example of simplified simulator for simulating the main plant systems and real time behaviour of the main plant parameters.

Readings

Managing Modernization of Nuclear Power Plant Instrumentation and Control Systems, IAEA TECDOC Series No. 1389, 2004
Instrumentation and Control Systems Important to Safety in Nuclear Power Plants Safety Guide, Safety Standards Series No. NS-G-1.3, 2002
DOE Fundamentals Handbook, Instrumentation and Control, Vol. 1, 2, 1992
M. Čepin, Regulacija in instrumentacija jedrskih elektrarn, študijsko gradivo, 2006
D. J. Dunn, Instrumentation and Control, http://www.freestudy.co.uk/control/ (june 2006)
R. Cajhen, Regulacije, 1990

Objectives and competences

Comprehensive discussion of the fundamentals of nuclear installations. Discussion about control and instrumentation and their implementation in the nuclear power plant operation in sense of its safety.
Contribution to a development of responsibility for safe use of energy and for safe and efficient application of nuclear technology.

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Knowledge of fundamental laws of control and instrumentation. Understanding relations among fundamental quantities. Conceptual understanding of demonstrated experiments.

Application:
Use of principles and laws, calculus methods, estimates and modelling on specific examples. Application of simplified models and arguments for simplifications.

Reflection:
Nature and technology processes comprehension.

Transferable skills:
Capability of domestic and foreign literature and internet exploitation. Recognition of problems, data collection and problems solution. Use of information and communication technology. Team work.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures, exercises, seminars, homework, consultations

Assessment

Written exam
Oral exam
grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

Lecturer's references

1) M. Čepin, Assessment of power system reliability. London, Springer, 2011.
2) M. Čepin, Mavko, B. Fault tree developed by an object-based method improves requirements specification for safety related systems. Reliab. eng. syst. saf., 1999, vol. 63., str. 111-125.
3) M. Čepin, Development of risk criteria in nuclear power plants: problems and solutions. Int. J. Mater. Struct. Reliab., 2006, vol. 4, str. 53-63.