Advanced particle detectors and data analysis

2022/2023
Programme:
Medical Physics, Second Cycle
Year:
1 year
Semester:
second
Kind:
optional
ECTS:
5
Lecturers:

Prof. Dr. Boštjan Golob, Prof. Dr. Peter Križan

Hours per week – 2. semester:
Lectures
2
Seminar
0
Tutorial
1
Lab
0
Prerequisites

Enrollment into the program. Knowledge of the Nuclei, quarks and leptons content and Physical measurements 2 courses is helpful.

Content (Syllabus outline)

Usage of semiconductor detectors in particle, nuclear and astro physics: positionsensitive
silicon detectors (construction and usage); pixel detectors, CCD sensors.
Gamma rays and X rays detection. Radiation damage.
Light detectors: photomultipliers, fotoelectron transport, secondary electrons; microchannel plates, signal development, performance in strong magnetic fields; semiconductor light detectors (photodiodes, avalanche photodiodes, silicon photomomultipliers).
Specific ionization detectors in particle physics: multiwire proportional chambers (methods of signal readout, efficiency, gas mixture, high occupancy performance, ageing); drift chambers, time projection chambers; UV light, gamma and X ray detection; liquid ionization detectors.
Electronic signal processing: forming of signal in various detectors; conversion to voltage signal; charge sensitive amplifier; signal shaping; signal parametrization and categorization; transfer of deterministic and stochastic signals; optimal processor.
Data processing and analysis: measurements of shortlived states; angular distributions in decay cascades.

Readings

W.R. Leo, Techniques for Nuclear and Particle Physics Experiments, Springer-Verlag, Berlin 1986,
T. Ferbel (editor), Experimental Techniques in High-Energy Nuclear and Particle Physics, 2nd Edition, World Scientific 1991,
G.F. Knoll, Radiation Detection and Measurement, J. Wiley, New York 1979 (tudi novejša izdaja).

Objectives and competences

Acquintance with contemporary detector technologies and data processing in nuclear and particle physics.

Competences: knowledge and understanding of detector principles and data processing. Understanding of complex data analysis. Acquintance with key procedures from detector costruction to measurement evaluation.

Intended learning outcomes

Knowledge and understanding:
Practical knowledge in various fields of nuclear, particle and astro physics.

Application:
Capability of using complex apparatus. Understanding of critical parameters in experimental particle physics and astrophysics, capability of experiment design.

Reflection:
Critical evaluation of experimental appartus parameters, accuracy and resolution.

Transferable skills:
Capability of complex apparatus data acquisition and analysis. Capability of experimental accuracy determination.

Learning and teaching methods

Lectures, seminar excersises, homework project.

Assessment

Completing a small homework project and its presentation in the class
Written exam

Lecturer's references

prof. dr. Peter Križan:
• I. Adachi et al. [Belle Collaboration], Measurement of B- tau- nu with a Hadronic Tagging Method Using the Full Data Sample of Belle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 110 (2013) 131801
• I. Adachi et al., Precise measurement of the CP violation parameter sin2phi_1 in B0-> c cbar K0 decays, Phys. Rev. Lett. 108 (2012) 171802
P. Križan, Overview of particle identification techniques, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A706 (2013) 48.

Prof. dr. Boštjan Golob:
1. Belle Collaboration, LIN, S.-W., BITENC, Urban, BRAČKO, Marko, FRATINA, Saša, GOLOB, Boštjan, KORPAR, Samo, KRIŽAN, Peter, PESTOTNIK, Rok, STANIČ, Samo, STARIČ, Marko, ZUPANC, Anže. Difference in direct charge-parity violation between charged and neutral B meson decays. Nature (Lond.), 2008, vol. 452, str. 332-335. [COBISS-SI-ID 21553703], [JCR, WoS do 13. 2. 2013: št. citatov (TC): 54, čistih citatov (CI): 48, normirano št. čistih citatov (NC): 18, Scopus do 20. 2. 2013: št. citatov (TC): 68, čistih citatov (CI): 62, normirano št. čistih citatov (NC): 92]

  1. DREVENŠEK OLENIK, Irena, GOLOB, Boštjan, SERŠA, Igor. Naloge iz fizike za študente tehniških fakultet, (Zbirka izbranih poglavij iz fizike, 38). 2. natis. Ljubljana: DMFA - založništvo, 2008. 66 str., ilustr. ISBN 978-961-212-143-3. [COBISS-SI-ID 238243072]

  2. GOLOB, Boštjan. Kolokvijske naloge iz Fizike jedra in osnovnih delcev z rešitvami. Ljubljana: Fakulteta za matematiko in fiziko, Oddelek za fiziko, 2010. 1 el. optični disk (CD-ROM). [COBISS-SI-ID 2273636]