Mechanics. Motion of particles. Galilean transformation. Motion of a rigid body. Newton's laws. Energy, momentum, center of gravity. System forces. Gravity, potential energy. Movement of the planets. Angular momentum, rigid body dynamics. Statics.

Thermodynamics. The connection between classical mechanics and thermodynamics. Statistical interpretation and the thermodynamic limit in case of an ideal gas. Temperature, internal energy, heat, energy law. Entropy and the entropy law. Heat engines.

# Physics 1

Izbrana poglavja iz knjig:

J. Strnad: Fizika. Del 1, DMFA-založništvo, 1995.

R. Kladnik: Osnove fizike : za tehnike. Del 1, Državna založba Slovenije, 1969.

D. Halliday, R. Resnick, J. Walker: Fundamentals of Physics, John Wiley & Sons, 2005.

Enhancement of knowledge of basic physics by cases, presented by experiments, where students also learn of different methods of measuring physical quantities.

Knowledge and understanding: Understanding of basic concepts: force, field, potential, energy, and temperature. The link between mechanical and thermodynamic quantities, the conservation of the total energy in nature.

Application: Acquired knowledge of physics can be used for building examples for the use of mathematical models (sistems of linear equations, derivative, integral, matrix diagonalization).

Reflection: The use of mathematical approach and formalism on concrete physical examples.

Transferable skills: Introduction to the methodology of using physical theories in observing phenomena in nature: building a theoretical model, definition of physical quantities and the variables that appear in the model, and comparison with measured quantities.

Lectures, exercises, homework, consultations

Type (examination, oral, coursework, project):

2 midterm exams instead of written exam, written exam

oral exam

grading: 5 (fail), 6-10 (pass) (according to the Statute of UL)

RAMŠAK, Anton, HORSCH, Peter. Spin polarons in the t-J model : shape and backflow. Physical review. B, Condensed matter, ISSN 0163-1829, 1993, vol. 48, str. 10559-10562. [COBISS-SI-ID 8194855]

PRELOVŠEK, Peter, RAMŠAK, Anton, SEGA, Igor. c-axis conductivity in the normal state of cuprate superconductors. Physical review letters, ISSN 0031-9007. [Print ed.], 1998, 81, str. 3745-3748. [COBISS-SI-ID 777828]

RAMŠAK, Anton, REJEC, Tomaž, JEFFERSON, J. H. Effect of deconfinement on resonant transport in quantum wires. Physical review. B, Condensed matter and materials physics, ISSN 1098-0121, 1998, 58, str. 4014-4018. [COBISS-SI-ID 778084]